IGNOU University : Establishment, Need and Importance of IGNOU University | इग्नु विश्वविद्यालय

IGNOU University : Study Material

When was IGNOU Established?

IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) was established on November 20, 1985. It was established through an Act of Parliament with the aim of providing accessible higher education opportunities to a wide range of learners, including those who are unable to pursue traditional on-campus education. Since its inception, IGNOU has been dedicated to promoting open and distance learning and has emerged as the largest open university in the world.

Where is the Headquarter of IGNOU University?

The headquarters of IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) is located in New Delhi, the capital city of India. The complete address of the IGNOU headquarters is as follows –

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)

Maidan Garhi,

New Delhi – 110068,


IGNOU University

The IGNOU headquarters serves as the central administrative and academic hub for the university. It oversees various functions, including program development, student support services, examination administration, research initiatives, and policy decisions.

What is IGNOU?

IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University), It is a distance learning national university located in India. Established in 1985, IGNOU is recognized as the world’s largest open university, with over 4 million students enrolled.

IGNOU offers various undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma, and certificate courses across a wide range of disciplines. It follows an open and flexible learning system, allowing students to pursue education at their own pace and convenience. The university provides study materials, conducts examinations, and awards degrees and certificates to successful students.

IGNOU’s programs are designed to cater to the educational needs of diverse learners, including working professionals, individuals who couldn’t pursue traditional education, and those seeking lifelong learning opportunities. The university promotes inclusivity and accessibility by providing affordable education and reaching out to remote and disadvantaged areas through its network of regional centers.

IGNOU’s courses cover fields such as arts, science, commerce, management, education, social sciences, health sciences, law, and more. The university also offers programs in vocational education and skill development. It emphasizes a learner-centric approach and utilizes a combination of printed study materials, online resources, and personal contact programs to support student learning.

As a distance learning institution, IGNOU provides flexibility in terms of admission cycles, study schedules, and examination patterns. It enables students to balance their educational pursuits with their professional and personal commitments.

IGNOU has gained recognition for its commitment to quality education, innovative teaching methodologies, and its efforts to promote higher education accessibility in India.

How to Take Admission in IGNOU?

To take admission in IGNOU University, you can follow the steps outlined below-

Visit the IGNOU Official Website – Go to the official website of IGNOU at www.ignou.ac.in.

Explore the Programs – Browse through the list of programs offered by IGNOU and select the one that aligns with your educational goals and interests. IGNOU offers a wide range of undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma, and certificate courses across various disciplines.

Read the Admission Prospectus – Download the admission prospectus or information brochure for the selected program from the IGNOU website. The prospectus contains detailed information about the program, eligibility criteria, fee structure, and the admission process.

Check Eligibility Criteria – Review the eligibility criteria mentioned in the prospectus to ensure that you meet the requirements for admission into the chosen program. Eligibility criteria may include educational qualifications, minimum age, and other specific prerequisites.

Fill out the Application Form – Fill out the online application form available on the IGNOU website. Provide accurate and complete information in the form, including personal details, educational qualifications, and program preferences.

Upload Documents – Upload scanned copies of the required documents as specified in the application form. These documents typically include educational certificates, identity proof, recent photographs, and other supporting documents, if applicable.

Pay the Application Fee – Pay the prescribed application fee using the available payment options mentioned on the website. The fee can usually be paid online through net banking, credit card, or debit card. Make sure to keep a record of the payment transaction details.

Submit the Application – After completing the application form and fee payment, submit the application online. Take note of the application number or acknowledgment receipt generated after successful submission.

Track Application Status – Use the application number or login credentials to track the status of your application on the IGNOU website. It will provide updates on the progress of your admission process, including confirmation of documents and fee payment.

Await Admission Confirmation – IGNOU will review your application and verify the submitted documents. Once the admission is confirmed, you will receive an official admission letter or email containing further instructions and details regarding enrollment and study materials.

It is important to note that the admission process and requirements may vary depending on the program and the academic cycle. Therefore, it is recommended to carefully read the admission prospectus and follow the instructions provided by IGNOU during the application process.

For any specific queries or clarifications, you can reach out to the IGNOU helpline or contact the regional center associated with your location.

What is the Specialty of IGNOU

Here are some key aspects that make IGNOU University special-

Open and Flexible Learning – IGNOU follows an open and flexible learning system, allowing students to pursue education without the constraints of time and place. Students have the freedom to choose their study schedules, access learning materials at their convenience, and take examinations when they feel ready. This flexibility caters to the needs of working professionals, individuals with personal commitments, and those unable to attend traditional on-campus classes.

Inclusive Education – IGNOU is committed to providing inclusive education by reaching out to learners from all walks of life. The university aims to bridge the gap between formal and non-formal education and focuses on making education accessible to marginalized and disadvantaged communities. It establishes study centers in remote areas, conducts awareness campaigns, and offers programs specifically designed for learners with disabilities.

Range of Programs – IGNOU offers a wide range of programs across various disciplines, catering to diverse interests and career aspirations. It provides undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma, and certificate courses in fields such as arts, science, commerce, management, education, social sciences, health sciences, and engineering.

Self-Learning Materials – IGNOU provides high-quality self-learning study materials to its students. These materials are specially designed to facilitate independent learning, providing comprehensive content, examples, and exercises.

Personal Contact Programs – To enhance student learning and interaction, IGNOU organizes personal contact programs (PCPs) at its regional centers. These programs offer face-to-face sessions, practical training, workshops, and counseling sessions. PCPs provide an opportunity for students to clarify doubts, engage in discussions with faculty and peers, and gain hands-on experience in practical subjects.

Technology-Enabled Learning – IGNOU harnesses the power of technology to support student learning. It offers online resources, virtual classrooms, e-learning platforms, and multimedia content to supplement the study materials. Students can access online lectures, participate in discussion forums, submit assignments electronically, and stay connected with their instructors and fellow learners.

Overall, IGNOU’s specialty lies in its commitment to open, flexible, and inclusive education, its extensive range of programs, and its focus on utilizing technology to support student learning. These characteristics have established IGNOU as a prominent institution in the field of distance education, providing educational opportunities to millions of learners across India and beyond.

What are the Disadvantages of Studying in Ignou University

While IGNOU offers several advantages, there are also a few potential disadvantages to consider when studying at IGNOU University-

Lack of Face-to-Face Interaction – As a distance learning institution, IGNOU’s mode of education primarily relies on self-study materials and online resources. This can result in limited face-to-face interaction with faculty members and fellow students. Some learners may find it challenging to receive immediate clarifications or engage in real-time discussions, which can impact the overall learning experience.

Self-Motivation and Discipline – Distance learning requires a high level of self-motivation and discipline. Without the structure and regularity of on-campus classes, students need to take initiative and manage their study schedules effectively. Some individuals may find it difficult to stay motivated or struggle with time management, leading to a lack of progress or incomplete assignments.

Limited Practical Learning – Certain fields of study, such as science, engineering, or healthcare, often require hands-on practical training. While IGNOU incorporates practical components through personal contact programs (PCPs) and workshops, the opportunities for hands-on experience may be limited compared to traditional on-campus programs. Students may need to seek additional practical training outside of IGNOU to acquire necessary skills.

Restricted Social Interaction – Studying at IGNOU can limit the social interaction that is often experienced in traditional on-campus education. The absence of a physical campus and regular face-to-face interactions with peers can result in a reduced sense of community and camaraderie. Students may miss out on networking opportunities or the benefits of collaborating with classmates on projects.

Examination Centers and Scheduling Challenges – IGNOU conducts examinations at designated centers. Depending on the location, students may need to travel to distant examination centers, which can be inconvenient and involve additional expenses. Furthermore, scheduling conflicts may arise when examination dates coincide with personal or professional commitments, requiring students to carefully plan and manage their time.

Limited Personalized Attention – Given the large number of students enrolled in IGNOU, personalized attention from faculty members may be limited. It can be challenging for instructors to provide individualized support and feedback to each student. While IGNOU offers student support services, students may need to be proactive in seeking assistance and clarification when needed.

It’s important to note that while these disadvantages exist, many students have successfully pursued their education and achieved their career goals through IGNOU. It ultimately depends on individual preferences, learning styles, and the ability to adapt to a distance learning environment.

By sunaina

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